[evoz] Cafe Simpatico - Honduras: Update & Discussion - Jan 27

Central America Support Committee (CASC)
presents
CAFE SIMPATICO
Friday, Jan 27, 2023 Paul Phillips Hall1923 Fernwood RoadVictoria BC
Doors open at 7 PM; program at 7:30 PM
HONDURAS: UPDATE & DISCUSSION
Following the recent election of Xiomara Castro as president, a news article declared, "Honduras: Walking a Tightrope of Reform and Change." Join us for current information about Honduras and discussion of what lies ahead for this Central American country.
Everyone welcome! Refreshments and Fair Trade Coffee.
www.victoriacasc.org https://www.facebook.com/vcasc

Here are some resources about Honduras to read ahead of time:

1. Anti-Mining Networks Support Land Defense Movements in Central America.

In Guatemala and Honduras, regional anti-mining networks have become key players in struggles to combat extractivism and the criminalization of activists.

Giada Ferrucci and Pedro CabezasNovember 28, 2022
https://nacla.org/anti-mining-networks-support-land-defense-movements-central-america
2. Honduras: With mobilisation demanding justice, trial begins of military officer accused of attempted murder of Lenca leader.
http://www.hondurastierralibre.com/2023/01/honduras-con-movilizacion-exigiendo.html
3. The Loss of Berta Cacereshttps://www.canadianjesuitsinternational.ca/the-loss-of-berta-caceres/


4. URGENT APPEAL - THE OBSERVATORYPlease see the Action items at the end of the article.
Murder /StigmatisationHonduras12 January 2023
https://www.omct.org/es/recursos/llamamientos-urgentes/honduras-asesinato-de-los-defensores-de-guapinol-aly-domnguez-y-jairo-bonilla
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint programme of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and the International Federation... for Human Rights (FIDH), requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Honduras.
Description of the situation:
The Observatory has received information about the assassination of Mr. Aly Domínguez and Mr. Jairo Bonilla, both members of the Guapinol community, and defenders of the Guapinol and San Pedro rivers and the Montaña de Botaderos National Park. Aly Domínguez was the brother of Reynaldo Domínguez; both were subjected to judicial harassment for defending the environment in the community of Guapinol.
On the afternoon of 7 January 2023, armed individuals shot and killed Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla as they were travelling by motorbike from the village of La Concepción to the community of Guapinol, both located in the municipality of Tocoa, department of Colón. At the time of publication of this Flash Appeal, the identity of the perpetrators of this double murder is unknown.
On 8 January 2023, in a communiqué, the Honduran Secretariat for Human Rights (SEDH) requested the State Prosecutor's Office to carry out an immediate investigation into the murder of Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla, and reported on the order issued to the General Directorate of the Protection System to review and extend the protection measures granted to the Guapinol defenders and their families. In the communiqué, the SEDH indicated that these murders took place in the context of a campaign of harassment, threats, criminalisation and attacks against those who defend the right to defend human rights and a healthy environment.
However, on 10 January 2023, in statements to the media, the Honduran National Police reported that, according to their investigations, the motive for the double murder was robbery, ruling out the hypothesis that the murder of Mr. Domínguez and Mr. Bonilla was a reprisal for their work in defence of human rights.
On the same day, the SEDH published a new communiqué informing that Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla were not beneficiaries of protection measures from the National Protection Mechanism for Human Rights Defenders at the time of their murder, given that, according to the SEDH, they had been removed from the list of defenders from the Guapinol community who were beneficiaries of collective measures.
Since the beginning of December 2022, the group of defenders from the Guapinol community have been subjected to stigmatisation campaigns on social media, which have intensified following the murders of Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla and the statements of the Honduran National Police.
In December 2022, the Comité Municipal de Defensa de los Bienes Comunes y Públicos de Tocoa (CMDBCPT) denounced that armed individuals linked to the mining company Inversiones Los Pinares had been following and watching some of its members in unregistered vehicles in the communities of Guapinol and Sector San Pedro and had threatened to kill members of the CMDBCPT, stating that they would "eliminate them one by one because they don't let them work peacefully". Despite multiple public complaints, the authorities, including the SEDH, did not reinforce or extend the protection measures for the Guapinol defenders and their families, nor did they carry out an investigation into the above-mentioned threats.
The Observatory recalls that Guapinol environmental defenders and members of the CMDBCPT have been subjected to criminalisation, attacks, stigmatisation and arbitrary detention for years, including the arbitrary imprisonment of eight Guapinol defenders for more than 900 days.
The Observatory strongly condemns the murder of Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla, and reiterates its utmost concern for the safety and physical and psychological integrity of the environmental defenders of the Guapinol community and their families, including the members of the CMDBCPT.
The Observatory also condemns the stigmatisation on social networks against the Guapinol defenders and recalls that it is not the first time that this type of campaign, followed by death threats against the defenders of the Guapinol River, has led to assassinations: Arnold Joaquín Morazán Erazo was murdered in October 2020, and Roberto Antonio Argueda Tejada, in August 2019. Both murders remain unpunished.
The Observatory expresses grave concern about the statements made by the SEDH, in which it absolved the State of its responsibility to protect the lives of defenders Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla, alleging that they were not beneficiaries of protection measures.
The Observatory urges the Honduran authorities to adopt the necessary measures to guarantee the security and physical and psychological integrity of all human rights defenders in Guapinol and their families, to reinforce the protection measures already in place, and to independently and impartially investigate the murders of Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla, prioritising the hypothesis that it was a reprisal for their defence of human rights.
The Observatory reiterates its call to the authorities to implement a comprehensive public policy for the protection of human rights defenders and social communicators, as well as to provide the necessary human and material resources to the Mechanism for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, in order to guarantee its effective functioning.
Action requested:
Please write to the Honduran authorities urging them to:
i. Immediately adopt all necessary measures to guarantee the safety and physical integrity and psychological well-being of all environmental defenders in the community of Guapinol and Sector San Pedro, their families, as well as all human rights defenders in Honduras, and to reinforce the protection measures already in place;
ii. Carry out an independent, exhaustive and impartial investigation into the murder of Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla, prioritising the hypothesis that it was a reprisal for their defence of human rights; and also investigate all acts of stigmatisation and death threats against the environmental defenders of the community of Guapinol, in order to identify those materially and intellectually responsible, bring them before a competent, independent, fair and impartial tribunal, and apply the criminal and other sanctions provided for by law;
iii. Put an end to all attacks, threats, acts of harassment and stigmatisation against environmental defenders in the community of Guapinol, as well as against all human rights defenders in Honduras;
iv. Implement a comprehensive public policy for the protection of human rights defenders, as well as policies of recognition, including public recognition by the President of the Republic and other high-level officials, of the importance of the legitimate work carried out by human rights defenders and journalists in Honduras.
Addresses:
Mrs. Xiomara Castro de Zelaya, President of the Republic. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @XiomaraCastroZ
Ms. Natalie Roque, Secretary of State for Human Rights. Twitter: @RoqueNatalieMr. Oscar Chinchilla, Attorney General of the Republic. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Ms. Carmen Escobar, General Director of the System for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, Journalists, Social Communicators and Justice Operators. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Ms. Blanca Izaguirre, National Commissioner for Human Rights. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @CONADEH
Ambassador Carlos Aguilar, Permanent Mission of Honduras to the United Nations in Geneva. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Ambassador Roberto Ochoa Madrid, Embassy of Honduras in Brussels. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Ambassador Luis Cordero Montoya, Embassy of Honduras to the OAS. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.Mr. Jaume Segura, Ambassador of the Delegation of the European Union in Honduras. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Please also write to the diplomatic representations of Honduras in your respective countries.
***
Geneva-Paris, 12 January 2023
Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) is a programme created in 1997 by the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH and aims to intervene to prevent or remedy specific situations of repression against human rights defenders. OMCT and FIDH are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.
To contact the Observatory, please contact the Hotline:
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.OMCT Tel: + 41 22 809 49 39Tel. FIDH: + 33 1 43 55 25 18





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